Cardiology News / Recent Literature Review / First Quarter 2015

  • Antonis S Manolis Evagelismos General Hospital, Athens
  • Hector Anninos Evagelismos Hospital, Athens
Keywords: Cardiology news, literature review, heart disease

Abstract

HRS Meeting: Boston, 13-16/5/2015

EuroPCR: Paris, 19-22/5/2015

Europace: Milan, 21-24/6/2015

ESC: London, 29/8-2/9/2015

TCT 2015: San Francisco, 11-15/10/2015

HCS: Thessaloniki, 29-31/10/2015

AHA: Orlando, 7-11/11/2015

Low-Level Transcutaneous Electrical Vagus Nerve Stimulation (LLTS) Suppresses Atrial Fibrillation

Patients with paroxysmal AF were randomized to 1 h of 20 Hz LLTS (n= 20) or sham control (n= 20) by attaching a flat metal clip onto the tragus in the right ear. AF was induced by burst atrial pacing at baseline and after 1 h of LLTS or sham treatment. Blood samples from the coronary sinus and the femoral vein were collected at those time points and analyzed for inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor alpha and C-reactive protein. Pacing-induced AF duration decreased significantly by 6.3 ± 1.9 min compared with baseline in the LLTS but not in the control group (p=0.002). AF cycle length increased significantly from baseline by 28.8 ± 6.5 ms in the LLTS but not in control group (p= 0.0002). Femoral vein but not coronary sinus tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and C-reactive protein levels decreased significantly only in the LLTS group. The authors concluded that LLTS suppresses AF and decreases inflammatory cytokines in patients with paroxysmal AF, supporting a role of neuromodulation to treat AF (Stavrakis S et al, J Am Coll Cardiol 2015;65:867-875).

Among Patients with Early Repolarization Syndrome, Programmed Stimulation Does not Predict Future Arrhythmic Events

In a multicenter study, 81 patients, aged 36+13 years, with early repolarization (ER) syndrome and aborted sudden death due to ventricular fibrillation (VF) underwent an electrophysiology study (EPS). VF was inducible in only 18 of 81 (22%) patients. During follow-up of 7.0 ± 4.9 years, 6 of 18 (33%) patients with inducible VF, and 21 of 63 (33%) noninducible patients experienced VF recurrences (p= NS). VF storm occurred in 3 inducible and 4 noninducible patients. VF inducibility was not associated with maximum J-wave amplitude or J-wave distribution (inferior, odds ratio -OR: 0.96; lateral, OR: 1.57; inferior and lateral, OR: 0.83; all p = NS), which have previously been shown to predict outcome in patients with an ER pattern. The authors concluded that EPS did not enhance risk stratification in ER syndrome (Mahida S et al, J Am Coll Cardiol 2015;65:151-159)... (excerpt)

Author Biography

Antonis S Manolis, Evagelismos General Hospital, Athens
Specialty: Cardiology
Published
2015-05-25
Section
CARDIOLOGY CORNER